Russian Bear Dog

Russian Bear Dog | Caucasian Shepherd / Orchavka – Giant Hunter Breed

Russian Bear Dogs Are Not Small Hunters. Once The Caucasian Shepherd used for hunting Bear!

The importance of dogs to humans varies depending on the dog’s needs. If it’s a pet in a family, it’s often the all-time cutie. Its size often does not matter in such cases, but if the dog is large, it can also have a protective effect.

Often, however, big dogs tend to be quieter, and they do not have to overshadow, unlike small dogs. However, when big dogs come, the big dogs are ready to look at the closet.

Dogs are big but fortunately gentle!

The breed of dogs used to hunt bears

In America and Europe, when we think of shepherd dogs, a German shepherd arrives in our mind, a dog that, while not small, looks tiny compared to the Caucasian shepherd.

This intimidating dog reaches on average 70 centimeters tall and up to 90 kilos in weight, it is an obedient and strong breed, which is why it is commonly used to care for herds and homes.

In our continent, they are not common, but in Asian countries, it is not uncommon to find them as guardians of houses, stables and even businesses.

Caucasian Orchavka

But as you can already imagine by the first line of this article, one of the hardest and most surprising ‘jobs’ that this species has is to help in the hunting of bears.

In Soviet Russia, this breed of dogs was famous for hunting wolves and bears of no great size thanks to the hardness of their skin, their thick fur that protected them from the cold and the ability to launch brutal attacks, as well as being an Obedient and faithful race.

Although it may look intimidating and dangerous, the nature of this breed is fairly calm, yes, it is a dominant race, so it must be firmly educated when they are small so that when they grow up, they do not try to put themselves before their members.


The Caucasian shepherd has its origin in the mountain range that gives it its name: between the regions of Russia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan. Some records allow us to ensure that it is a race with a few centuries of life: the first dates from the second century after Christ.

Only in the decade of 1930, it begins to be accepted in the contests and parades: until then it had hardly been recognized as a race.

The origin of these dogs seems clear: their temperament and physique are closely related to their function. This is no other than protecting the herds of wolf cattle in the high mountains. Its large body allows it to direct cattle, but especially to protect it from predators.

In turn, Their hair and body fat protect you from the severity of the weather. Thick hair creates an air pocket that protects you from the cold, but also from the heat of summer.

Their character has also developed according to the work he performs: they have chosen over the centuries to energetic dogs to live in the mountains, attached to its family to defend the cattle and with the ability to make decisions so that he knows how to repel the attacks of the wolves.

Characteristics of the Russian Bear Dog

Physical appearance

The Russian shepherd dog is smart but has a brusque behavior. He can only live in large spaces.

The Russian shepherd is a huge animal, of course, it is, by far, the largest of the shepherd dogs that are dedicated to guarding flocks. It is covered with a long, matted and rough hair, with felted wicks that give it a somewhat repellent appearance. The truth is that it has a very special presence.

Head: The solid and quite rounded, is covered a hair softer than the body. The skull is round and well developed. The nose is black. The snout is not medium in size, neither too long nor too short. The jaws are powerful, they have strong and well-fitted teeth. The eyes are relatively large, dark brown and have a very intelligent look, although they are usually hidden by the hair. The ears are dropping, although sometimes they are semi-straight, round and not too long, with short, thick hair. Sometimes they are cut, but it must be remembered that this practice is forbidden in most of Europe.

Body: It is solid and well developed, the neck is strong. The straight and muscular extremities. The feet solid and quite separate.

Tail: It is very hairy, but it is normal to cut it (another practice banned in many countries).

Coat: The hair is very dense and thick, woolly touch, but not soft. If you do not take care the fur will remain like pieces of the tow.

Colors: Slate gray is the most sought after. It can also be whitened, dirty white with gray or finely or almost black spots.

In the variety avcharka the head is less massive and less round than that of the Owtchar, in addition, the back of the dog is less powerful. In general, the color is lighter: bluish gray, sometimes white with gray spots or fawn. The size varies, depending on the habitat, from 65 to 70 cm on the cross.

Temperament of the Caucasian Shepherd

The temperament of the Caucasian shepherd is far from the appearance of a teddy bear. This is a dog with a marked character and clear ideas, which is not allowed to pass. It is also protective with your family and your home.

The Gaint dog is tenacious, intelligent and more independent than other sheepdogs. All this makes them very difficult to train by force: positive education gives great results with this class of dogs since it turns the orders and their education into a collaboration and a game.

They are distrustful of strangers and tend to be bullies in games with other dogs; Care should be taken to watch play times and attitudes in parks to avoid squabbles or misunderstandings with other park users.

They are energetic dogs that need to exercise. However, they will enjoy much more long walks in the mountains than chasing a ball in a closed park; They are not animals that can be happy and have their needs met living in a city.

Education & Training

This is not a race for the timid. Training should begin as soon as possible so that the dog understands who is its leader from the beginning. They have very balanced mentalities and are super intelligent, they learn quickly and just as quickly get bored. Routines prompt them to be carefree, so they are not good candidates for obedience tests. As with all races an early socialization is very important to avoid any unwanted behavior in the long-term future.

Care of the Caucasian Orchavka

The Caucasian shepherd is a generally healthy dog that does not have hereditary diseases. However, it does attribute diseases of such large races.

The appearance of hip or elbow dysplasia, as well as heart disease, is common in large dogs. It is necessary to consult with a veterinarian for preventing these chronic diseases.

Neither should the vaccination and deworming calendar be neglected, especially the external one , since it is difficult to detect the parasites in a dog with so much hair and that it usually leaves the mountain.

As for their hair, it is necessary to make regular brushing, at least twice a week to avoid knots and tangles that will cause discomfort and pain. As it has a sublayer of woolly hair, it is harmful to cut it in summer; Their hair protects them from the heat.

The Caucasian shepherd is a hardworking colossus; Although not very friendly, it is a brave dog with a marked character and has the best of the temperament of small and large races: it is determined and tenacious, but independent.

Some Key Points:

  • Brush your coat at least twice a week to remove dead hair.
  • Shower it every six or eight weeks.
  • Take care of your ears, nails, teeth, and eyes.
  • Make sure it is a professional canine stylist who is responsible for cutting his coat.
  • Keep all your vaccinations up to date.
  • Take it periodically to the veterinarian to detect any illness in time.
  • Remember that he will need to walk daily and exercise to avoid diseases such as overweight and behavioral problems derived from stress.
  • These dogs can adapt to different environmental conditions, but it is not recommended that they live in places with hot climates.

How To get it

This is a rare breed outside of their native Russia and Armenia, that’s why it’s not cheap at all.

Depends on the quality of the dog and the reputation of the breeder, but as a guide, a shepherd dog Caucasian costs minimum thousand euros and can reach more than 3,000 euros.

Finally, it needs to tell that, the Russian Bear Dogs are very faithful and disciplined. they will never neglect their vigilance and will protect their owners under any circumstance. But this dog is not easy to breed. It has a strong temperament and is very territorial, so experts recommend specialized training.



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