Have you thought about having a lizard? Today we are going to tell you everything you need to know about Bearded Dragon Care –
The lizards comprise more than four thousand different species. The term pogona has its origin from the Greek pogon, which means beard, hence they are also known as bearded dragons.
Its maintenance and care is relatively simple, which is why it is a very common choice for beginners in the world of reptiles.
How should the terrarium of a bearded dragon be?
We will need a horizontal terrarium the bigger, the better, and always respecting a minimum space per animal if we want to have more than one specimen. They are animals that can measure up to 30 cm in adults and weight about 450 grams.
The minimum size of a terrarium for bearded dragon:
- Young animals: 80 x 60 x 50 cm
- Adult animals: 100 x 60 x 50 cm
- Group of 2-3 animals: 150 x 60 x 50 cm
In the case of having more than one bearded dragon, the compatibility of the animals must be taken into account. You can have groups of females or a male with two females. (Avoid introducing two males in groups of females to avoid confrontation). Individuals babies (0-3 months) can be kept in groups of 4-5 animals to control especially that they do not damage each other.
Characteristics of the terrarium | Bearded Dragon Care
1. Temperature and heat sources
They need a cold zone at 20-25 ºC and another hot zone at 35-40 ºC. At night the temperature should not fall below 18-20 ºC. To get this temperature we can choose:
- infrared light
- ceramic lamp
- mercury vapor lamp (this emits light grape a and b)
It is a very important point in the maintenance in captivity. Bearded Dragon requires ultraviolet radiation a and b ( light sources 10.0 ). The lamp can be left with a rhythm of 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness.
it is necessary to renew lamp every 6-8 months and at least once a year.
3. Terrarium floor
- Baby / juvenile animals: newspaper or kitchen paper changing daily.
- Adult animals: peat or coconut bed may be used. If we choose sand, we must ensure that they do not ingest it during times of calcium deficiency.
4. Humidity and water source
It is necessary a relative humidity of 30-40% and the provision of water to drink in suitable containers.
Beware of baby animals that live together because stacking can cause some animal drowning. It is also possible in these cases to spray the terrarium with water several times a day.
5. Environmental enrichment
It is important that the animals are as comfortable as possible in their new home. You can consider –
- Shelters so they can hide (caves, cabins, etc.)
- Trunks so they can climb, not too high
- Plants (you will choose those that are not toxic if they are ingested)
It is essential to get a thermometer and a hygrometer to control the temperature and humidity respectively. This way you need to make sure that the conditions of the terrarium are adequate.
Feeding the bearded dragons
The pogonas are very voracious reptiles. Of course, depending on the time of your life, your needs change:
- Babies: 100% live food
- Juvenile (from 6 months to a year and a half): 60% live food and 40% vegetables
- Adults: 50% live food and 50% vegetables
- Pogonas male (more than 5 years old): 25% live food and 75% vegetables
- Pregnant females: 75% live food and 25% vegetables
- Green alfalfa
- Mustard leaf
- Turnip leaf
- Apple without skin, strawberry, tangerine
- Cabbage leaf
- Peeled cucumber
- Ants / termites
- Honey worm
For this, there should be added supplementation with vitamins and minerals for Bearded Dragon care. Its administration depends on the age of the animal, and it will be the veterinarian specialized in exotics who will indicate when they are necessary and in what quantity.